MAD Architects Unveils Completed Harbin Opera House


MAD Architects unveils the completed Harbin Opera House, located in the Northern Chinese city of Harbin. In 2010, MAD won the international open competition for Harbin Cultural Island, a master plan for an opera house, a cultural center, and the surrounding wetland landscape along Harbin’s Songhua River. The sinuous opera house is the focal point of the Cultural Island, occupying a building area of approximately 850,000 square feet of the site’s 444 acres total area. It features a grand theater that can host over 1,600 patrons and a smaller theater to accommodate an intimate audience of 400.

MAD_Harbin Opera House_001_©Hufton+Crow

Harbin Opera House, aerial view from the east

Photo: Hufton+Crow 

Embedded within Harbin’s wetlands, the Harbin Opera House was designed in response to the force and spirit of the northern city’s untamed wilderness and frigid climate. Appearing as if sculpted by wind and water, the building seamlessly blends in with nature and the topography—a transfusion of local identity, art, and culture.  “We envision Harbin Opera House as a cultural center of the future – a tremendous performance venue, as well as a dramatic public space that embodies the integration of human, art and the city identity, while synergistically blending with the surrounding nature,” said Ma Yansong, founding principal, MAD Architects.

On the exterior, the architecture references the sinuous landscape of the surrounding area. The resulting curvilinear façade composed of smooth white aluminum panels becomes the poetry of edge and surface, softness and sharpness.  The journey begins upon crossing the bridge onto Harbin Cultural Island, where the undulating architectural mass wraps a large public plaza, and during winter months, melts into the snowy winter environment.

  MAD_Harbin Opera House_005_©Hufton+Crow

The façade in contrast to the Harbin skyline

Photo: Hufton+Crow 

MAD_Harbin Opera House_006_©Adam Mork

Night view of the grand lobby and grand theater

Photo: Adam Mørk 

The architectural procession choreographs a conceptual narrative, one that transforms visitors into performers. Upon entering the grand lobby, visitors will see large transparent glass walls spanning the grand lobby, visually connecting the curvilinear interior with the swooping façade and exterior plaza. Soaring above, a crystalline glass curtain wall soars over the grand lobby space with the support of a lightweight diagrid structure. Comprised of glass pyramids, the surface alternates between smooth and faceted, referencing the billowing snow and ice of the frigid climate. Visitors are greeted with the simple opulence of natural light and material sensation—all before taking their seat.

MAD_Harbin Opera House_011_©Hufton+Crow

The lobby of the grand theater

Photo: Hufton+Crow

    MAD_Harbin Opera House_018_MAD_©Hufton+Crow

The lobby of the small theater

Photo: Hufton+Crow

MAD_Harbin Opera House_016_©Adam Mork

View from side of the grand theater staircase

Photo: Adam Mørk

MAD_Harbin Opera House_014_©Hufton+Crow

The sculpted wood staircase leading to the grand theater

Photo: Hufton+Crow

Presenting a warm and inviting element, the grand theater is clad in rich wood, emulating a wooden block that has been gently eroded away. Sculpted from Manchurian Ash, the wooden walls gently wrap around the main stage and theater seating. From the proscenium to the mezzanine balcony the grand theater’s use of simple materials and spatial configuration provides world-class acoustics. The grand theater is illuminated in part by a subtle skylight that connects the audience to the exterior and the passing of time.

MAD_Harbin Opera House_020_©Hufton+Crow

View of the grand theater’s main stage and the proscenium

Photo: Hufton+Crow

MAD_Harbin Opera House_023_©Hufton+Crow

Grand theater balcony detail

Photo: Hufton+Crow

Within the second, smaller theater, the interior is connected seamlessly to the exterior by the large, panoramic window behind the performance stage. This wall of sound-proof glass provides a naturally scenic backdrop for performances and activates the stage as an extension of the outdoor environment, inspiring production opportunities.

 MAD_Harbin Opera House_024_©Adam Mork

Panoramic window backdrops the small theater stage with the surrounding landscape

Photo: Adam Mørk

Harbin Opera House emphasizes public interaction and participation with the building. Both ticketholders and the general public alike can explore the façade’s carved paths and ascend the building as if traversing local topography. At the apex, visitors discover an open, exterior performance space that serves as an observation platform for visitors to survey the panoramic views of Harbin’s metropolitan skyline and the surrounding wetlands below. Upon descent, visitors return to the expansive public plaza, and are invited to explore the grand lobby space.

MAD_Harbin Opera House_004_©Hufton+Crow

Partial view of the façades’ aluminum panels and pathways

Photo: Hufton+Crow

MAD_Harbin Opera House_010_©Adam Mork

Rooftop terrace

Photo: Adam Mørk

Surpassing the complex opera house typology, MAD articulates an architecture inspired by nature and saturated in local identity, culture and art. As the Harbin Opera House deepens the emotional connection of the public with the environment, the architecture is consequently theatrical in both its performance of narrative spaces and its context within the landscape.

MAD_Harbin Opera House_002_©Adam Mork

Sunset view of the opera house from the pond with the small theatre in the foreground

Photo: Adam Mørk